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'If space-junk is the human debris that litters the universe, junk-space is the residue humankind leaves on the planet. The built (more about that later) product of modernization is not modern architecture but Junkspace. Junkspace is what remains after modernization has run its course or, more precisely, what coagulates while modernization is in progress, its fallout...(Junkspace, Rem Koolhaas, 2001)'.


Words by Rem Koolhaas are a critique of the homogenization space of contemporary cities. Today in Beijing, the inevitable development of residential and commercial complexes gradually encroaching on public space and turning them into the same 'Junkspaces.' Then comes the question: How do we save our city? How to eliminate the junk and bring something valuable for the city? For local residents?


Therefore, the project focused on the life of local residents, the ancient style of Beijing.  I hope this courtyard could bring respect and memories to our old time.

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